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Scythian (Saka Tigraxauda) Warriors giving tribute on a Relief at Persepolis, after 526BC
Skunkha, king of 'wearing pointed caps' Sakae (Sakâ tigrakhaudâ), Behistun, Kermanshah Province, Iran.
Skythian Warriors on Greek Ceramics, c.500BC
Skythian on an Attic Red-Figure Neck-Amphora, Greece, 490–470 B.C. J. Paul Getty Museum 96.AE.98.
Achaemenid Persians and Scythians in paintings from the Tatarli Tumulus. Lydian tomb chamber built around 470 B.C. in southern Phrygia.
Wall-hanging: the Great Goddess being approached by a rider. Felt appliqué. Pazyryk, Siberia, fifth century BC, State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg
Detail of the rider who approaches the Great Goddess, carpet, Pazyryk, Valley of the River Bolshoy Ulagan, Siberia, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg
Pazyryk Culture Wood and Leather Shields, 5th century BC, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg
A Scythian Gold Comb with Battle Scene from the Solokha Kurhan, Dneiper, Zaporozhye Region, late 5th-early 4th century BC, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg
Sakae B-shaped belt buckle: The Hunt. Gold, Siberia, 5th - 4th century BC. Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg
Scythian coin of King Atai, as a horse-archer, turn of the 4th-5th cc. BC
Silver-gilt Vase with Reliefs Depicting Griffins Devouring a Stag, Birds, Palmettes and Skythians Training Horses. Chertomlykskij Kurgan, Early 4th Century BC
Skythian Gold Triangular Headdress Plate from a Female Burial. Karagodeuashkh Kurgan, Kuban. 340-315 BC.
Scythian Hare Hunt Plaques from Kul’ Oba, northern Black Sea region, c.350 BC, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg and Historical Museum, Moscow.
Scythian gold appliqué with two archers, Kul Oba burial, Crimea, 4th century BC. Hermitage КО 105
Skythian Gold Belt Plaque with Seated Archer, Aksyutintsy, Ukraine, 4th Century BC.
Gold Torc Terminating in Scythian Horsemen, Kul Oba Barrow, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg
Scythian gold plaques with two drinkers, beginning of the 4th century B.C. State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg
Scythian Gold Plaque bearing a scene of Sworn Brotherhood, Kul Oba kurhan, Crimea, 4th century B.C. Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg
Possibly Skythians on a Torque (Pectoral) with a Pendant Depicting a Battle, Achaemenid, c. 4th century BC. Miho Museum, Shigaraki, Japan
A Golden Calathos with Scythian Arimaspi Fighting Griffins
A Scythian Gilded Bowl with Lion-Hunt from the Solokha Kurhan, 4th century BC, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg
Scythian warriors on a gold cannabis pipe, Sengileevskoe, Caucasus, 4th century BC
A Graeco-Scythian gold horseman appliqué, c. 4th Century BC, Bonhams
Graeco-Scythian gold horseman appliqués, Crimea, 4th Century BC, State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg and Historical Museum, Moscow.
A Graeco-Scythian gold horseman appliqué
Plaque with Scythian Warriors, Geremes Barrow, Zaporozhye Region, 4th century BC, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Дн.1859-1/2
Skythian Silver Gilt Vessel from the Gaimanova Graves, near Zaporozhe, middle 4th century BC
Scenes of Warriors on a Scythian Gold Ceremonial Helmet
Scythian warriors on an urn, Haimanova Mohyla, Don Region, 4th century BC, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg
Skythian Gold Pectoral from Tovsta Mohyla Kurhan, 4th Century BC, Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine, Kiev
Scythian urn with warriors, Kul Oba kurhan, Crimea, Second half of the 4th century B.C. Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg
Saka Warriors Giving Tribute on a Relief on the Northern Staircase of Artaxerxes III Ochos (r.359-338 BC) at Persepolis
Saka Warriors on the Main Relief on the Tomb of Persian King Artaxerxes III Ochos at Persepolis (Takht-e Jamshid), Iran, c.338 BC
Scythian Gold Diadem from Sakhnovka, 350-300 BC. Ukrainian Museum of Historical Treasures, Kiev.
Tarantine Greek Relief with a Fighting Arimasp Skythian, Southern Italy, 350 - 300 B.C. J. Paul Getty Museum
Terra-cotta Statuettes of Skythians from Pontus and Cappadocia, 4th-3rd century BC. Ashmolean Museum and Louvre.
Scythian Rhyton with a Ritual Scene, Merdzhana, Transkuban, Late 4th - early 3rd centuries BC. Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, 2521-10
Sarmatian horsemen on a belt fitting, 4th or 3rd century BC, Historical Museum, Moscow
A Scythian horseman on a carpet, Pazyryk, 252-238 BCE, State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg
Scythian Warrior with Axe, Bow, and Spear on a Relief, 4th-2nd century BC, The Walters Art Museum
Sarmatians in a painted tomb of the Crimean Bosporus, Crypt 1872, beginning of the 2nd century BC
Bactrian Yuezhi embroidered on three pieces of a carpet, Noyon Uul, Mongolia, after 120 BC
Bactrian Yuezhi spearman on a textile from Sampula (Khotan Prefecture, Xinjiang), after 120 BC
Ivory Casket Panel with a Kushan Bactrian Hunting Scene. Tajikistan, Takht-i Sangīn. 2nd or 1st century B.C.
Bactrian Embroidered fragment showing two Yuezhi riders, Noin Ula, first century AD onwards. State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg.
A Warrior on a Sarmatian Rython, Kuban, 1st century BC, Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg
B-Shaped belt buckle: man asleep beneath a tree with horses and two people. Sarmatian, first century BC-first century AD, State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg
Frieze from Khaltchayan Reception Hall, 50 BC-50 AD, northern Bactria, Yuezhi, Kushan or Parthian. Institute of Art. Hamza. Tashkent
Seleucid or Parthian Cataphract and a Lion, Iraq, 3rd Century BC-2nd Century AD
Parthian stucco relief of soldier at Zahhak castle, Hashtrud. Azerbaijan Museum, Tabriz, Iran
Parthian Terracotta Figurine from the Temple of Nabu, Nineveh, Iraq. British Museum 1929,1012.356
Parthian relief of Mithridates 1st of Parthia (165 BC to 132 BC) at Xong-e Ashdar, Izeh, Khouzestan province, Iran
Parthian Coin of Orodes I. c.90-77BC. Bode Museum, Berlin
Parthian horse-archer plaque, Syria, 1st Century BC-3rd Century AD. British Museum 135684
Sarmatian horsemen on a vessel from Kosika, Kuban, 1st century AD. Astrakhan State United Historical and Architectural Museum.
Kushan stone frieze of musicians and garland-bearers, Bactria, 1st century AD. State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg.
Grave Stele of Mathianes, the son of Zaidar, Sarmatian, Bosporan Kingdom, c. 1st Century AD. Temryuk Historical and Archaeological Museum, Russia.
Effigy of a Parthian Man, 1st–2nd century AD. The Susa Museum of Iran
Parthian terracotta relief of a rider, Musée du Louvre, Paris
Life-size bronze statue of a Parthian prince from the temple at Shami, second century AD, Archaeological Museum, Teheran.
Wall-painting of a hunt from Dura Europos, Parthian, second century AD, Musée du Louvre, Paris
Relief of reclining Parthian nobleman (Azat), Andika, Khuzestan, Iran.
Statue of a Parthian Man: Makai ben Nashri, Hatra, 1st-2nd century AD. Mosul Museum, Iraq.
Relief of a Parthian Soldier, Hatra. Mosul Museum, Iraq.
Statuette of the Parthian God Zqyq’, Hatra, Iraq, c. 2nd century A.D., before 241.
Graeco-Roman or Parthian Leather and Cane Shield, Dura-Europos, Yale Univerity Art Gallery
Silver dish from the Oxus Treasure showing the triumph of Dionysius, Parthian, c. 200AD, British Museum
Parthian Faience Figure of a Syrian Warrior, c. 100 AD to 300 AD. Barakat Gallery.
Scenes from the life of the Buddha, Kushan Gandhara, Pakistan or Afghanistan, late 2nd-early 3rd century AD. Free Gallery of Asian Art, Smithsonian, F1949.9a-d.
. Plate 7 Gandharan warriors in The Armies of Bactria 700BC-450AD Volume 2 (Illustrations) by Valerii P Nikonorov. Colour Plates by Rory Little.
Kushan Statue of Kanishka, Mathura, India, mid 2nd century AD
Orlat Battle Plaque, 2nd century BC to 2nd century AD Sarmatian [Kangju or Yuezhi] or 3rd to 5th century AD Hunnic [Tashtyk, "White Huns" - the Hephthalites], Samarkand
Orlat Belt Plaques, 1st to 3rd century AD, Samarkand, Sogdia
Parthian horse-rider statuette, Iraq, 2nd century. Museum für Islamische Kunst der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin KtW 357.
Parthian horse-rider statuette, Syria or Iraq, Museum für Islamische Kunst der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin I. 3683
Parthian horse-rider statuette, Syria or Iraq, Museum für Islamische Kunst der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin I. 3684
Parthian horse-archer plaque, Syria or Iraq, Museum für Islamische Kunst der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin I. 3685
Sarmatian Lancer in a Wall Painting, Kerch, Bosporan, 2nd Century AD
A relief panel of Grey Schist showing Kushans with swords, Gandharan, Pakistan, 2nd-3rd centuries AD
Sarmatian Draconarius stone, Chester, England, late 2nd or 3rd century AD
Tryphon in Sarmatian cavalry armour and costume, Tanais, 3rd century AD
Kushan Panel with the god Pharro and worshiper. Afghanistan, 3rd century A.D. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2000.42.1.
Kushan Panel with the god Zeus/Serapis/Ohrmazd and worshiper. Central Asia, 3rd century A.D. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2000.42.2.
Graffito of a Parthian or Sasanian Clibanarius, Dura-Europos, 200-256 A.D, Yale University Art Gallery 1931.608.
Rock Carvings on Pisannaja-Gorá, near Suljet, Siberia.
Fallen Kushan on the Sassanid Rock Relief of Bahram II at Naqsh-i Rustam, late 3rd century AD, Persia
Sitting Surya (solar deity), marble. Khair Khaneh, Afghanistan, 4th or first half of the 5th century AD. Ex- Kabul museum.
Hephthalite horsearchers on Gandharan cosmetic lids with hunting scenes
Coins of Khingila, Alchon Hun king, 5th century AD
Alchon-Hunnic Horse-and-Rider Statuette, Late Fifth Century AD, Bactria, Afghanistan. Pritzker Family Collection, Chicago.
Painted vase from the Buddhist monastery in Antiochia Margiana, Merv, 5th-6th century. Hephthalite? National Museum of Turkmenistan, Ashgabat.
Hephthalite Mural of a Banquet Scene, Balalyk Tepe, Uzbekistan, c. 6th Century.
Hephthalite Statues of Horsemen, Gool, Jammu region, the State of Jammu and Kashmir, India, 5th-7th centuries
Based on the illustrations above:
104. Scythian Horse Archer in Armies and Enemies of Ancient Egypt and Assyria, 3200BC to 612BC by Alan Buttery
76. SCYTHIAN HORSE ARCHER in Armies of the Macedonian and Punic Wars by Duncan Head, illustrated by Ian Heath
77. SCYTHIAN NOBLE in Armies of the Macedonian and Punic Wars by Duncan Head, illustrated by Ian Heath
78 and 79. SCYTHIAN INFANTRY in Armies of the Macedonian and Punic Wars by Duncan Head, illustrated by Ian Heath
82. EARLY SARMATIAN HORSE ARCHER in Armies of the Macedonian and Punic Wars by Duncan Head, illustrated by Ian Heath
83. RHOXOLANI CAVALRYMAN in Armies of the Macedonian and Punic Wars by Duncan Head, illustrated by Ian Heath
84. SAKA HORSE ARCHER in Armies of the Macedonian and Punic Wars by Duncan Head, illustrated by Ian Heath
85. EARLY SAKA ARMOURED CAVALRYMAN in Armies of the Macedonian and Punic Wars by Duncan Head, illustrated by Ian Heath
86. LATER SAKA ARMOURED CAVALRYMAN in Armies of the Macedonian and Punic Wars by Duncan Head, illustrated by Ian Heath
83. PARTHIAN CATAPHRACT in The Armies and Enemies of Imperial Rome by Phil Barker & Ian Heath
88 & 89. SARMATIAN CAVALRY in The Armies and Enemies of Imperial Rome by Phil Barker & Ian Heath
90. SARMATIAN STANDARD BEARER in The Armies and Enemies of Imperial Rome by Phil Barker & Ian Heath
91. SARMATIAN INFANTRYMAN in The Armies and Enemies of Imperial Rome by Phil Barker & Ian Heath
91. SARMATIAN INFANTRYMAN in The Armies and Enemies of Imperial Rome by Phil Barker & Ian Heath
90. ALAN LIGHT CAVALRYMAN in Armies of the Dark Ages 600-1066 by Ian Heath