'The Chronology of Ancient Nations' of Al-Biruni
(Abū al-Rayḥān Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad al-Bīrūnī )
Copy from Tabriz, 1307AD
Muhammad shown riding on a camel next to Christ, who is riding a donkey
A larger image of Muhammad shown riding on a camel next to Christ, who is riding a donkey, in 'The Chronology of Ancient Nations' by Al-Biruni, Tabriz, Iran, 1307AD. University of Edinburgh Or.Ms.161 f.10v.
Holding Institution: University of Edinburgh
Title: Chronology of Ancient Nations
Subset Index: f.10v
Creator Nationality: Iranian
Creator Role: Author
Detail of image from the Chronology of Ancient Nations by Al-Biruni. Allegedly depicts a passage from Isiah 21, presenting it as a prophecy about Muhammad: shown riding on a camel next to Christ, who is riding a donkey, Al-Biruni asserts that the Prophet's arrival at the watchman's tower announced the destruction of Babylon.
Written by the famous astronomer and polymath Abu Rayhan Al-Biruni, the Chronology of Ancient Nations is a compendium and chronicle of a vast number of calendars and chronological systems from a variety of different cultural and religious groups from throughout the late antique and medieval periods in the Hellenic world, Central Asia and the Near East. Completed in the year 1000, it even includes details of festivals and liturgical practices, in addition to more specific information. This particular manuscript is thought to have been copied in 1307 and was the archetype for the three later versions which were used by Edward Sachau to translate the document from Arabic into English during the nineteenth century.
Chelkowski, P. J. (1975), 'The scholar and the saint : studies in commemoration of Abuʾl-Rayhan al-Biruni and Jalal al-Din al-Rumi', New York.
Source: University of Edinburgh
End: The investiture of Ali by the prophet Muhammad Next: Muhammad meeting the envoy of Musailama, a false prophet
Back to 'The Chronology of Ancient Nations' of Al-Biruni, Tabriz, Iran, 1307AD. University of Edinburgh Or.Ms.161.