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An illustration in the 1305-14
Jami‛ al-Tawarikh
by Rashid al-Din.

Universal History

or Compendium of Chronicles

Ğāmi‛ al-tavārīḫ. Rašīd al-Dīn Fazl-ullāh Hamadānī

Ibrahim (Abraham) being catapulted into a fire by order of King Namrud (Nimrod)

Shelfmark: Or.Ms.20
Holding Institution: University of Edinburgh
Title: Jami' al-Tawarikh (World History)
Alternate Title: Compendium of Chronicles
Subset Index: f.3v detail
Creator: Rashid al-Din Ṭabib
Creator Nationality: Iranian
Creator Role: Author

Detail of miniature from the Compendium of Chronicles by Rashid al-Din. Shows text with central image depicting Ibrahim (Abraham) being catapulted into a fire by order of King Namrud (Nimrod), the great-grandson of Noah. In line with the biblical tradition, Noah sits in the flames, protected by an oasis of flowering plants, while Namrud is seated on a throne to the right of the image. The miniature is severely damaged in places, particularly to the right of the scene, with the faces of the king and his attendants almost completely obscured.
Arguably the greatest treasure in the library, the Jami' al-Tawarikh, or Compendium of Chronicles, is a world history which encompasses a range of cultures, from China in the East, to Ireland in the West, from the time of Adam. It is written in the Naskh script and contains 70 illustrated folios. Written by the scholar and courtier Rashid al-Din (d.1318), there is some debate as to the exact date of this manuscript, but it was almost certainly completed within the author's lifetime, making it one of the earliest copies in existence. It is one of the three main sources for the life of Genghis Khan and is considered to be one of the most important medieval documents in the world.
Sources: Hukk, M (1925), A descriptive catalogue of the Arabic and Persian manuscripts in Edinburgh University Library, Hertford. Talbot Rice, D. (1976), The Illustrations to the World History of Rashid al-Din, Edinburgh.
Source: Edinburgh University Library

Back to the smaller image of 'Ibrahim (Abraham) being catapulted into a fire by order of King Namrud (Nimrod)', miniature from the Jami' al-Tawarikh of Rashid al-Din.

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