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Detail of the Philistine soldiers (portrayed as Byzantines) in the
Paris Psalter, 10th century
folio 4v. David and Goliath

Paris psalter (BnF MS Grec 139), folio 4v

The Paris Psalter (Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, MS. gr. 139), designated by siglum 1133 (Rahlfs), is a Byzantine illuminated manuscript containing 449 folios and 14 full-page miniatures "in a grand, almost classical style", as the Encyclopædia Britannica put it. Together with Basil I's Homilies of St Gregory Nazianzus, the Paris Psalter is considered a key monument of the so-called Macedonian Renaissance in Byzantine art during the 10th century.

This and other miniatures are so Hellenistic in execution and so unlike the received notion of what medieval art in general and Byzantine art in particular should look like, that most 19th-century authorities dated the manuscript to the time of Justinian. The Byzantists Hugo Buchthal and Kurt Weitzmann, however, conclusively demonstrated that the book was created in the 10th century.

Image Source: Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS. gr. 139
Back to the full image of David and Goliath, Paris Psalter, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS. gr. 139

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