Recognized as one of the world's great autobiographical memoirs, the Baburnamah is the story of Zahir al-Din Muhammad Babur (866 AH/AD 1483-937 AH/AD 1530), who conquered northern India and established the Mughal Empire (or Timurid-Mughal empire). Born in Fergana (Central Asia), Babur was a patrilineal Timurid and matrilineal Chingizid. Babur wrote his memoir in Chaghatay Turkish, which he referred to as Turkic, and it was later translated into Persian and repeatedly copied and illustrated under his Mughal successors. The present copy in Persian, written in Nasta'liq script, is a fragment of a dispersed manuscript that was executed in the late 10th century AH/AD 16th. The ordering of the folios as found here does not follow the narrative of the text. The Walters' fragment contains 30 mostly full-page paintings that are representative of the Mughal court style under the Mughal Emperor Akbar (reigned 963 AH/AD 1556-1014 AH/AD 1605). Another major fragment of this work containing 57 folios is in the State Museum of Eastern Cultures, Moscow.
Illustrations of Mughals from the Baburnama
in manuscript: Walters manuscript W.596

Babur confronting enemies in the mountains of Kharabuk and Pashamun
The siege and battle of Isfarah, Baburnama
Foray to Kuhat (Kohat), Baburnama
Despite his treachery, Muhammad Husaym Mirza, a relative of Babur, is released and sent to Khurasan, Baburnama
Having opened the gates of the Murghinan fortress, 'Ali Dust Taghayi pays homage to Babur, Baburnama
Babur, on the way to Hindustan, camps at Jam, explores Bigram, and inquires about the Hindu temple Gurh Kattriand with the help of his guide Malik Bu Sa'id Kamari, Baburnama
An awards ceremony at Sultan Ibrahim's court before an expedition to Sambhal
Babur being entertained in Ghazni by Jahangir Mirza, Baburnama
The battle with Afghans from the area of Kabul and Lamghan at the Jikdalik (Jagdalak) pass
The battle of Panipat and the death of Sultan Ibrahim, Baburnama
During an attempt to defend the Akhshi fort, Sultan Muhammad Vays offers Babur a healthy horse to replace his ailing one which he got from Sahib Qadam
Babur, entering Kabul, is welcomed by Qasim Beg, the city qadi, along with his retinue, Baburnama
Babur riding a raft from Kunar back to Atar, Baburnama
1495, Battle of the Hissar, Baburnama
Sultans pay homage to Babur, Baburnama
The battle of Kandahar on the side of the Murghan mountain
Babur hunting rhinoceros in Swati, Baburnama
Babur visits the Hindu temple Gurh Kattri, Baburnama
1504, Baqi Chaghanyani paying homage to Babur, near the river Oxus (Darya Amu), Baburnama
The Fall of Samarkand, Baburnama
The inhabitants of Osh (Ush) drive the enemy out with sticks and clubs with a view to holding the town for Babur, Baburnama
Animals of Hindustan: monkeys, rodents and a peacock, Baburnama
Animals of Hindustan: small deer and cows called gini, Baburnama
Animals of Hindustan: monkeys called bandar that can be taught to do tricks, Baburnama
Date Trees of Hindustan, Baburnama
Birds of Hindustan, Baburnama
Birds of Hindustan, such as crows, magpies, and cuckoos, that live beside water, and alligators, Baburnama
Babur and his army in the Sinjid valley march toward Kabul
Birds of Hindustan: starlings, called pandavali, Baburnama
Birds of Hindustan: luchas, called buqalamun, and partridges, Baburnama

Thumbnails for manuscript: British Library Or. 3714
Other Mughal Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers in the Baburnama

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