Amazon Prime Student 6-month Trial

Try Amazon Audible Plus

An illustration in the 1305-14
Jami‛ al-Tawarikh
by Rashid al-Din.

Universal History

or Compendium of Chronicles

Ğāmi‛ al-tavārīḫ. Rašīd al-Dīn Fazl-ullāh Hamadānī

Battle between the sons of Sabuktagin, Mahmud and Isma'il

Ms Or 20 f.119r Battle between the sons of Sabuktagin, Mahmud and Isma'il, miniature from the Jamiʿ al-Tawarikh of Rashid al-Din
Il-Khanid Tabriz
Opaque watercolour, ink, gold and silver on paper

Shelfmark: Or.Ms.20
Holding Institution: University of Edinburgh
Title: Jami' al-Tawarikh (World History)
Alternate Title: Compendium of Chronicles
Subset Index: f.119r detail
Creator: Rashid al-Din Ṭabib
Creator Nationality: Iranian
Creator Role: Author
Date: c.1306CE or c.1314/15CE

Detail of page from the Compendium of Chronicles by Rashid al-Din. Shows text with central image depicting fighting between Mahmud and Isma'il, the sons of Sebuktegin, the Turkic-Persian ruler of the Ghazavid Empire, following his death in 997. Mahmud can be seen charging towards a number of cavalry troops while astride an elephant. He is followed by his own men, who are also on horseback. Arguably the greatest treasure in the library, the Jami' al-Tawarikh, or Compendium of Chronicles, is a world history which encompasses a range of cultures, from China in the East, to Ireland in the West, from the time of Adam. It is written in the Naskh script and contains 70 illustrated folios. Written by the scholar and courtier Rashid al-Din (d.1318), there is some debate as to the exact date of this manuscript, but it was almost certainly completed within the author's lifetime, making it one of the earliest copies in existence. It is one of the three main sources for the life of Genghis Khan and is considered to be one of the most important medieval documents in the world.
Sources: Hukk, M (1925), A descriptive catalogue of the Arabic and Persian manuscripts in Edinburgh University Library, Hertford. Talbot Rice, D. (1976), The Illustrations to the World History of Rashid al-Din, Edinburgh.

Source: Edinburgh University Library

Previous: Jami' al-Tawarikh: Abu Salih Mansur succeeding his father, Nur I, as king of the Samanid Empire, f118r
Next: Jami' al-Tawarikh: Mahmud ibn Sebuktegin, Ghaznavid ruler, defeating an opponent at Baktuzun in 999CE, f120r
Back to the Ilkhanid Illustrations in Jami‛ al-Tawarikh by Rashid al-Din.

A Hindu Indian Mahout (elephant driver) in Armies of the Middle Ages, Volume 2 by Ian Heath, based on 'Battle between the sons of Sabuktagin, Mahmud and Ismaïl' in Jami' al-Tawarikh

Free Web Hosting