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An illustration in the 1305-14
Jami‛ al-Tawarikh
by Rashid al-Din.

Universal History

or Compendium of Chronicles

Ğāmi‛ al-tavārīḫ. Rašīd al-Dīn Fazl-ullāh Hamadānī

Hushang, the second King of the World, Enthroned

A larger image of 'Hushang, the second King of the World, Enthroned', miniature from the Jami' al-Tawarikh of Rashid al-Din.

Ms Or 20 f.2r Hushang, King of the World, miniature from the ‘Jami' al-Tawarikh’ of Rashid al-Din, c.1307

Il-Khanid: Tabriz, 1307
Edinburgh University Library, MS. Or. 20
Fig. 2; p220 Min Yong Cho.

Shelfmark: Or.Ms.20
Holding Institution: University of Edinburgh
Title: Jami' al-Tawarikh (World History)
Alternate Title: Compendium of Chronicles
Subset Index: f.2r detail
Creator: Rashid al-Din Ṭabib
Creator Nationality: Iranian
Creator Role: Author

Detail of miniature from the Compendium of Chronicles by Rashid al-Din. Shows Hushang, the second King of the World, according to Persian mythology. He can be seen sitting on a throne, while a sage squats before him, holding a book, perhaps to indicate that the king is alleged to have written a book of maxims. Another individual can be seen fanning him from behind, while a further five figures can be seen conversing to the left of the image.
Arguably the greatest treasure in the library, the Jami' al-Tawarikh, or Compendium of Chronicles, is a world history which encompasses a range of cultures, from China in the East, to Ireland in the West, from the time of Adam. It is written in the Naskh script and contains 70 illustrated folios. Written by the scholar and courtier Rashid al-Din (d.1318), there is some debate as to the exact date of this manuscript, but it was almost certainly completed within the author's lifetime, making it one of the earliest copies in existence. It is one of the three main sources for the life of Genghis Khan and is considered to be one of the most important medieval documents in the world.
Sources: Hukk, M (1925), A descriptive catalogue of the Arabic and Persian manuscripts in Edinburgh University Library, Hertford. Talbot Rice, D. (1976), The Illustrations to the World History of Rashid al-Din, Edinburgh.
Source: Edinburgh University Library

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