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Illustration from

Kitab al-Diryaq, mid 13th century


Probably of the Seljuk Sultanate of Iconium (which was subject to the Khanate of Persia).

A larger image of the Frontis, Kitab al-Diryaq (the Book of Antidotes) by Pseudo-Gallen.

Kitab al-Diryaq (the Book of Antidotes) by Pseudo-Gallen, probably from Mosul northern Iraq, c1250.
MS. AF 10, folio 1r, Nationalbibliothek, Vienna, Austria.

19. Frontispiece of a mid-13th-century manuscript, probably from Mosul of the Kitāb al-Diryāq of Pseudo-Galen showing an informal court scene in the center with a seated Turkish ruler (on left) wearing a fur-trimmed, patterned qabāʾ maftūḥ with elbow-length with elbow-length ṭirāz sleeves and on his head a sharbush. Most of his attendants wear aqbiya turkiyya and kalawta caps. Workman depicted behind the palace and riders in the lower register wear the brimmed hat with conical crown known as sarāqūj. On the sarāqūj of one workman is a crisscrossed colored takhfifa with a brooch or plaquette pinned in the center of the overlap. The women on camels in the lower righthand corner wear a sac-like head veil kept in place by a cloth ʿiṣāba (Nationalbibliothek, Vienna, ms A. F. 10, fol. 1).
Source: Fig. 19, Arab Dress. From the dawn of Islam to Modern times by Smirna Si

Referenced on p106-7, God's Warriors, Knights Templar, Saracens and the Battle for Jerusalem by Helen Nicholson & David Nicolle:
Kitab al Tiryaq, 'Book of Antidotes'. Made in Mosul c. AD 1250. Huntsmen career along the top register while a caravan fills the lower panel. In the middle a prince watches a man cook kebabs.

Referenced as figure 304 in The military technology of classical Islam by D Nicolle
304. Manuscript from Mosul, Kitāb al Diryak, mid-13th century AD, National Lib., Ms. AF. 10, Vienna (Mart).
pp.453-4: Oddly enough there seem to be more illustrations of mamluk horse-archers from the later Ayyubid eras, in the 13th century, than from the days of Salah ad Din himself. Their equipment would appear to have been fairly standardized, with a minority wearing heavy armour and riding horses possibly with bards and chanfrons (Figs. 129, 291, 300, 304, 307, 308 and 651).

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