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Illustration from

Scylitzes Chronicle

f73v upper.   Battle at Lalakaon and death of Amer

A larger image of f73v upper, Skylitzes Chronicle (Codex Gręcus Matritensis) Battle at Lalakaon and death of Amer.

The Battle of Lalakaon or the Battle of Poson (or Porson) was fought in 863 between the Byzantine Empire and an invading Arab army in Paphlagonia (modern northern Turkey). The Byzantine army was led by Petronas, the uncle of Emperor Michael III (r. 842–867), although Arab sources also mention the presence of Emperor Michael himself, while the Arabs were led by the emir of Melitene (Malatya), Umar al-Aqta (r. 830s–863).

Referenced on p11 Byzantine Armies 886-1118 by Ian Heath & Angus McBride:
Another engagement between kontarion-armed cavalry, this time from the heavily illustrated manuscript of Scylitzes, now in Madrid. The illuminations probably post-date this era but appear to have been largely based on 11th-century originals. Points to note here are the quivers of the two bodies in the foreground, and the bandon-type standards with their long, streamer-like tails. Armour is mainly scale (or mail?). (Biblioteca Nacional, Madrid)

Referenced on p.51, Byzantine Cavalryman c.900-1204 by Timothy Dawson (Author), Giuseppe Rava (Illustrator)
A fine example of why the illuminated Chronicle of Skylitzes must often be treated with considerable caution - the Romans and Arabs are completely indistinguishable. (Biblioteca Nacionale, Madrid)

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