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An illustration in the 1305-14
Jami‛ al-Tawarikh
by Rashid al-Din.

Universal History

or Compendium of Chronicles

Ğāmi‛ al-tavārīḫ. Rašīd al-Dīn Fazl-ullāh Hamadānī

Mahmud ibn Sebuktegin, Ghaznavid ruler, conquering Qasdar in India

Ms Or 20 f.108v Mahmud ibn Sebuktegin, Ghaznavid ruler, conquering Qasdar in India, miniature from the Jamiʿ al-Tawarikh of Rashid al-Din
Il-Khanid Tabriz
Opaque watercolour, ink, gold and silver on paper

Shelfmark: Or.Ms.20
Holding Institution: University of Edinburgh
Title: Jami' al-Tawarikh (World History)
Alternate Title: Compendium of Chronicles
Subset Index: f.108v detail
Creator: Rashid al-Din Ṭabib
Creator Nationality: Iranian
Creator Role: Author
Date: c.1306CE or c.1314/15CE

Detail of page from the Compendium of Chronicles by Rashid al-Din. Shows text with central image depicting Mahmud ibn Sebuktegin, ruler of the Turkish Ghaznavid Dynasty from 998 to 1030CE, conquering Qasdar in India. The fortress of Qasdar can be seen to the right of the image, with several archers on its battlements, with the troops of Sebuktegin, also armed, to the left of the scene.
Arguably the greatest treasure in the library, the Jami' al-Tawarikh, or Compendium of Chronicles, is a world history which encompasses a range of cultures, from China in the East, to Ireland in the West, from the time of Adam. It is written in the Naskh script and contains 70 illustrated folios. Written by the scholar and courtier Rashid al-Din (d.1318), there is some debate as to the exact date of this manuscript, but it was almost certainly completed within the author's lifetime, making it one of the earliest copies in existence. It is one of the three main sources for the life of Genghis Khan and is considered to be one of the most important medieval documents in the world.
Sources: Hukk, M (1925), A descriptive catalogue of the Arabic and Persian manuscripts in Edinburgh University Library, Hertford. Talbot Rice, D. (1976), The Illustrations to the World History of Rashid al-Din, Edinburgh.

Source: Edinburgh University Library

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Next: Jami' al-Tawarikh: Mahmud ibn Sebuktegin, Ghaznavid ruler, routing rebels in Qasdar, f109v
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