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An illustration in the 1305-14
Jami‛ al-Tawarikh
by Rashid al-Din.

Universal History

or Compendium of Chronicles

Ğāmi‛ al-tavārīḫ. Rašīd al-Dīn Fazl-ullāh Hamadānī

Mohammed and Abu Bakr on their way to Medina
while a woman milks a herd of goats

A larger image of 'Mohammed and Abu Bakr on their way to Medina while a woman milks a herd of goats', Jami' al-Tawarikh

Il-Khanid: Tabriz
Edinburgh University Library, MS. Or. 20
Fig. 32; p250 Min Yong Cho.

Title: Ms Or 20 f.57r Muhammad, Abu Bakr and the herd of goats, miniature from the 'Jami' al-Tawarikh' of Rashid al-Din, c.1307
Creator: Islamic School, (14th century)
Description: Rashid al-Din (1247-1318); 'History of the World'; possibly the Iram Master but more likely to be the Luhrasp Master;
Location: Edinburgh University Library, Scotland

Shelfmark: Or.Ms.20
Holding Institution: University of Edinburgh
Title: Jami' al-Tawarikh (World History)
Alternate Title: Compendium of Chronicles
Subset Index: f.57r detail
Creator: Rashid al-Din Ṭabib
Creator Nationality: Iranian
Creator Role: Author

Detail of miniature from the Compendium of Chronicles by Rashid al-Din. Shows Muhammad and his companion Abu Bakr seated to the right of the image, as well as a woman milking a goat from the herd on the right. According to Muslim tradition, Muhammad and Abu Bakr were fleeing from enemies when they came upon the group and were told by the herdswomen that they would give no milk. However, when Muhammad stroked the udder of one of the animals, she gave enough for all.
Arguably the greatest treasure in the library, the Jami' al-Tawarikh, or Compendium of Chronicles, is a world history which encompasses a range of cultures, from China in the East, to Ireland in the West, from the time of Adam. It is written in the Naskh script and contains 70 illustrated folios. Written by the scholar and courtier Rashid al-Din (d.1318), there is some debate as to the exact date of this manuscript, but it was almost certainly completed within the author's lifetime, making it one of the earliest copies in existence. It is one of the three main sources for the life of Genghis Khan and is considered to be one of the most important medieval documents in the world.
Sources: Hukk, M (1925), A descriptive catalogue of the Arabic and Persian manuscripts in Edinburgh University Library, Hertford. Talbot Rice, D. (1976), The Illustrations to the World History of Rashid al-Din, Edinburgh.

Source: Edinburgh University Library

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