3b. A peyk, or running footman, running with a rabbit under his left arm and carrying his halberd over his right shoulder. Wearing a gold külâh-i peyk with an upturned brim of ermine and a long plume. Red kaftan with a red and white striped lining, tucked into his kemer or belt. Blue knee breeches, yellow ankle boots. Bells attached to his knees.
15b. Bostancı başı. The chief of the bostancı corps who worked in the gardens and rowed the boats (kayik) for the sultan. When the sultan travelled by boat it was the duty of the bostancı başı to steer. He also always accompanied the Sultan when the latter visited the gardens. The bostancı başı was also responsible for making the necessary arrangements for executions of men of rank. Wearing an ermine-lined blue kaftan, scarlet robe with a gold design yellow slippers and the mücevveze turban.
24b. Ulak or tatar. Messenger or government courier who travelled on horseback. Carrying a whip. Wearing a dark green tunic, crimson trousers and high boots and the distinctive round head-dress, tatar kalpaği.
27b. Silâhdar, the official who had charge of the personal arms of the Sultan and who commanded his personal suite. The silâhdar stood behind the Sultan's throne holding his sword and accompanied him in procession and on campaign. Wearing a dark green kaftan with a pale blue lining and a silver and red kemer. Wearing the red janissary (yeniçeri) felt head-dress (börk) with a strip down the back and a gold brim.
30b. İç Oğlan, a conscript Christian boy (devşirme) educated in the palace school for service in the palace of the Sultan. Wearing the külâh-i peyk (gold cap with red design), a light blue kaftan over a red robe and a silver kemer (belt).
36b. Bostancı kethüdası, the steward of the gardeners (subsequently commander of the imperial guard). Carrying an axe and a length of rope, he is wearing a green tunic, scarlet knee breeches, crimson stockings, yellow ankle boots and the tall white turban, mücevveze.
38b. Bostancı çavuş. Çavuş attached to the bostancı corps. Wearing a green-lined slate blue kaftan with the ends tucked into a blue kuşak. Crimson stockings, blue knee breeches, high boots and a brown sivri külâhi.
40b. Bostancı. A gardener holding a mattock and wearing a cased knife (kârd) on his blue kuşak. Green kaftan with yellow lining and with the ends tucked in his kuşak. Blue knee breeches, crimson stockings, yellow ankle boots. Tall yellowish-brown pointed cap (sivri külâhi).
44b. Peyk. One of the pages constantly in attendance on the Sultan. Carrying a halberd. Wearing the distinctive thimble-shaped tall cap (külâh-i peyk) with a plume in the holder. Mauve jacket (nimten) over striped robe. Red stockings and yellow ankle boots.
46b. Çeverbaşı. Colonel of the Janissaries. Distinctive high white head-dress (kuka) with gold brim and very large plume (süpürge sorguçlu) at top and a smaller plume in a holder. Clack kaftan lined with brown fur (sable?). Blue robe, white kuşak and yellow ankle boots. Carrying a staff of office (asa)
47b. Yeniçeri çavuş. A herald or messanger of the Janissaries. High white head-dress (kuka) with gold brim and two small plumes in a holder. Blue kaftan with a black lining. Salmon-pink robe, yellow boots and white kuşak. Carrying a staff of office (asa).
48b. Solak. Archer bodyguard to the Sultan. Carries his bow in his left hand. Wears the distinctive high white head-dress (kuka) with gold brim and very large fan-shaped plume (süpürge sorguçlu). Two smaller plumes in a holder. Green kaftan, blue robe with a gold pattern, blue lining to the kaftan. Silver kuşak with heavy blue design, red stockings and yellow shoes.
49b. Yeniçeri yazıcı. Young Janissary scribe. Wearing the Janissary head-dress (keçe) with a plume-holder. Black kaftan with a blue lining, blue kuşak, red stockings and yellow boots. A pencase (divit) is attached to his sash (kuşak) by a cord.
51b. Kullukçu. A yeniçeri or Janissary stationed at a guard post. Wearing the Janissary head-dress (keçe) but without a plume-holder. Dark blue kaftan. Light blue kuşak. Red stockings, yellow ankle books.
52b. Yeniçeri. Very young Janissary wearing the head-dress with a plume-holder and carrying a staff (asa). Black sleeveless kaftan with fur lining. Blue tunic, dark blue kuşak, red tights and yellow ankle boots.
53b. Seferli. A Janissary on campaign. Has a plume in the plume-holder on his Janissary head-dress. Dark purple kaftan with black lining and very long sleeves. Pale blue tunic, white kuşak, red knee breeches, white stockings and yellow ankle boots.
54b. Yeniçeri aşçi. A cook of the Janissaries. Has the unshaven stubble on his chin seen on other servants, bare fore-arms and carrying a blue cloth bag over his shoulder. Green tunic. Maroon kaftan with blue lining and shirt sleeves. Plume in the plume-holder of his Janissary head-dress. High black boots.
57b. Torba oğlanı. A young Janissary in training, carrying a basket slung over his shoulder, as he goes to market. Wearing a brown cap with the end turned down, green tunic, pale blue knee breeches, white stockings, yellow shoes, light blue kuşak.
61b. Sipahi. Cavalryman wearing a crimson cloak, pale blue tunic, mauve trousers, white sash (kuşak) with a dagger in a scabbard, high yellow boots. The turban is large and loosely wound, with a plume in the centre.
62b. Cebici. A foot soldier of the old corps of armourers attached to the Janissaries. Helmet has a long plume-holder containing a stiff plume. The helmet fits over a blue cloth which is tied over the head and knotted under the chin. Silver helmet with gold brim and top. Stubble on his chin. Holding a matchlock, he is wearing a green tunic, blue kuşak with a knife in a case (kârd), a sword, high white leg protectors, red trousers and yellow shoes.
63b. Topçu. Gunner or artilleryman. Brown kaftan, blue tunic, red trousers, white gaiters, black shoes. He has stubble on his chin and carries an axe and has three plumes in his long-brimmed green hat.
64b. Seyban (his name). Foot soldier. He is carrying a fuse and matchlock and wearing an ammunition pouch and powder horn. Green tunic, red trousers, white leg protectors, yellow ankle boots. Red turban with a blue cap and a plume.
65b. Re'îs. Captain of a ship or a galley. Wearing a red kaftan with silver frogging. Blue robe, white kuşak to which a dagger in a gold scabbard is attached by a long cord, red trousers and yellow ankle boots. Tightly wound white turban with a red cap.
66b. Azeb. A marine. Green tunic, blue knee-breeches, red stockings, yellow ankle boots. Knife (kârd) in a scabbard is attached to his blue sash by a cord. Red cap with small brim and full crown (barata).
67b. Cezayir. An Algerian or Dardanelles Janissary seaman. Black tunic with a red scarf over his shoulder. Dagger in his red kuşak. White turban with a square red cap and a pointed end.
68b. Zurnaci. A mehtar (Janissary band) trumpeter holding a zurna, a trumpet or shawm, which has a brass mouthpiece. Wearing a black kaftan, blue robe, white kuşak, wide turban but no plume. Red trousers and yellow ankle boots.
69b. Davulcu. A mehtar drummer. Wearing wide turban but no plume, blue kaftan, brown robe, red trousers and yellow ankle boots. The drum is slung round his neck by a red cord. Two types of drumsticks, a straight white one and a curved stick.
73b. An Egyptian youth. Wearing a scarlet kaftan with silver frogging and a green sash, crimson tights and yellow ankle boots. Very tightly wound high turban rising to a peak in front and held together by a red-patterned band. A very large sword in a scabbard is worn suspended from cords round his left shoulder.
74b. Rumeli sipahi. Cavalryman of Rumeli wearing spurs, with huge rowels, on his yellow ankle boots. Red kaftan, frogged in silver, green tunic, mauve tights. Long-brimmed red hat with a plume.
75b. Rumeli sipahi. A cavalryman wearing a tiger skin, complete with head, over his shoulders tied by its back legs round his neck and carrying a large silver mace. Brown tunic, red trousers, green cap with three eagle feathers, blue sash fastened with a large metal ring and yellow boots with spurs. Sword and pouch fastened to sash.
76b. Tatar. Government courier. He is holding a double-thonged whip. Bow in a bowcase attached to his sash. Black kaftan, red tights, yellow ankle boots and a round red hat with a red fur brim (tatar kalpağı).
89b. Peyk başı. Superintendent of the peyks. Sitting cross-legged on a white chair, his staff held across his legs. Wearing a short-sleeved brown tunic with sharp spikes as 'epaulettes' on his shoulders. White belt (kemer) with a gold buckle, gold dagger in scabbard. Wearing the külâh-i peyk with plume.
116b. Kul oğlan, the son of a yeniçeri (Janissary). Slate-blue kaftan, blue tunic, white kuşak, red trousers, blue shoes, white turban wound round a red cap.
118b. Sipahi zade, son of a sipahi (cavalryman). Fur-lined black kaftan, red robe and trousers, gold belt, blue boots. Turban wound round red cap.
Source: British Museum 1928,0323,0.46
A Persian Dervish from Sloane's Album
I Turchi. Codex Vindobonensis 8626 of Bartolemeo von Pezzen, 1586 to 1591
Album of Ahmed I, Ottoman, circa 1610. Ms. B.408, Topkapi Palace Museum, Istanbul.
Military Pictures from Peter Mundy's Album, A briefe relation of the Turckes, 1618
Pictures from the Zamoyski Album, 1640-1648
Pictures from the Ralamb Costume Book, 1657
Pictures from Heinrich Friedrich von Diez's Album Costumes Turcs, c.1790
Other early 17th century Ottoman Illustrations
The Tarjumah-i Shahnamah, 1616-1620AD
Sehname-i Nadiri, 1620s
Ottoman Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers in the 15th to 19th Centuries
Index of Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers